C-Test online

Vorbereitung auf den C-Test als Aufnahmeprüfung für dein Anglistik-Studium

Free Will

Introduction of a Wikipedia article. Complete article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_will
Free wi raises the question whether, and in what sense, rational agents exercise control over th actions, decisions, choices. Addressing this question requires understanding the relationsh betw freedom and cause, and determining whether the laws of na are cau deterministic. The vari philosophical positions ta differ on whether all events are determined or not — determ versus indeterminism — and also on whe freedom can coexist with determinism or not — compatibilism ver incompatibilism. So, for instance, 'hard determinists' are incompati who argue th the universe is deterministic, and that this mak fr will impossible. Libertarians are also incompatibilists. They believe th fr will exis and strict causal determinism is false. Th problem is to reconcile free wi with chance or indeterminism, which threatens to make actions random. The principle of free will has religious, ethical, and scientific implications. For example, in the religious realm, free wi im that an omnipotent divinity does not assert its power over individual wi and choices. In ethics, it implies that ind can be held morally acc for their actions. The question of free wi has been a central issue since the beginning of philosophical thought.